Defending the Judeo-Christian Ethic, Limited Government, & the American Constitution
Tuesday October 21st 2014

A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States by John Adams


Introduction: Published in January of 1787, six months before the Constitutional Convention by American Founder, John Adams. In it he calls for a republic consisting of a balance of powers between the executive, judicial, and legislative powers. Citing penetrating examples of the successes, but mostly failures in so-called republican experiments and the reasons for those failures which usually consisted in a failure to balance those powers. For those pushing for a more pure democracy today are many examples of what history has proven about their baneful effects including centralization of power, violent factions, and moral corruption in the extreme, and thus anarchy and tyranny. Written in typical Adams prose, a most worthy read. Of interest is Adams call for a thorough examination of the constitutions of the American Indians which had well defined these three powers, and which he said were given unfairly a bad name.  Steve Farrell


Preface

Letter 1 Preliminary Observations

Letter 2

Democratical Republics

Letter 3 St. Marino

Letter 4 Biscay, The Grisons, United Provinces of the Low Lands

Letter 5 Switzerland, Appenzel

Letter 6 Switzerland, Underwald

Letter 7 Switzerland, Glaris

Letter 8 Switzerland, Zug

Letter 9 Switzerland, Uri

Letter 10 Switzerland, Switz

Aristocratical Republics

Letter 11 Switzerland, Berne

Letter 12 Switzerland, Fribourg

Letter 13 Switzerland, Soleure

Letter 14 Switzerland, Lucerne

Letter 15 Switzerland, Zurich

Letter 16 Switzerland, Shaffhause, Mulhouse, Bienne

Letter 17 Republics of St. Gall, and Geneva

Letter 18 Swiss Republics of Lucca and Genoa

Letter 19 Republic of Venice, United Provinces of the Low Countries

Monarchical Republics

Letter 20 England

Letter 21 Poland

Letter 22 POLAND, Part 2

Letter 23 RECAPITULATION

Ancient Republics and Opinions of Philosophers

Letter 24 DR. JONATHAN SWIFT

Letter 25 BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

Letter 26 DR RICHARD PRICE

Mixed Governments

Letter 27 MACHIAVELLI

Letter 28 SIDNEY, MONTESQUIEU

Ancient Republics, And Opinions of Philosophers

Letter 29 Harrington

Letter 30 POLYBIUS Part 1

Letter 31 POLYBIUS Part 2

Letter 32 Dionysius, Valerius

Letter 33 Plato

Letter 34 Sir Thomas Smith

Letter 35 Carthage

Ancient Aristocratical Republics

Letter 36 Rome

Ancient Monarchical Republics

Letter 37 Tacitus on Ancient Germans

Letter 38 HOMER on PHÆACIA

Letter 39 HOMER on ITHACA

Ancient Aristocratical Republics

Letter 40 LACEDÆMON

Ancient Democratical Republics

Letter 41 Athens

Letter 42 Antalcidas Crushes Liberty by Deceit

Letter 43 Achaia and the Volatility of Small Republics

Letter 44 Crete’s So-Called Democracy

Letter 45 Corinth

Letter 46 Argos

Letter 47 Iphitus

Letter 48 Thebes

Ancient Aristocratical Republics

Letter 49 Crotona, Pythagorus

Letter 50 Sybaris, Charondas

Letter 51 Locris, Zaleucus

Letter 52 Rome

Conclusion

Letter 53 Congress

Letter 54 Locke, Milton, and Hume

Letter 55 Conclusion