Defending the Judeo-Christian Ethic, Limited Government, & the American Constitution
Tuesday July 29th 2014

Self-Educated Man

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Federalist 58 by James Madison. 1. Under the proposed Constitution whose interests were represented by the U.S. Senate? Is it so today? If not, how might it be remedied & by what means? 2. How did the Constitution provide for updating representation in Congress? 3. Madison credits the U.S Constitution with assigning the greatest power, that of the “purse strings” to the U.S. House. In your opinion, how might the House assert that power to reduce the size & cost of government today? 4. Explain in your own words Madison’s warning against too many men serving in the House. How might his warning be applied today as calls abound for a more direct democracy & for scrapping the electoral college system? 5. Is democracy the form of government our Founders gave us or was it a republican form? Explain the difference.

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Adventures in Philosophy: Political Philosophy Index

Political Philosophy is a section of Adventures in Philosophy devoted to a brief history of political thought and theory from ancient Greece to the present day. You may notice that some of the thinkers included here are not ordinarily considered to be philosophers. We think their inclusion here is justified, however, because of the intellectual impact they have had on the development of social and political thought in Western Civilization as well as on Western culture in general.



Background Essay

A Brief Introduction to the Study of Political Philosophy


Ancient Political Thought

PericlesPlatoAristotlePliny the Younger



Medieval Political Thought

Saint AugustineThomas Aquinas



Modern Political Thought

Sir Thomas MoreTommaso CampanellaNicolo Machiavelli
Hugo GrotiusThomas HobbesJean Jacques Rousseau
Edmund BurkeBaron Charles-Louis de Secondat de Montesquieu
Thomas PaineClaude Henri, Comte de Saint-SimonRobert Owen
David RicardoFrédéric BastiatGiuseppe MazziniJohn Stuart Mill
Max StirnerPierre Joseph ProudhonMichael BakuninKarl Marx
Jakob BurckhardtFriedrich EngelsFerdinand Lassalle
George Plekhanov



Recent Political Thought

Georges ClemenceauPrince Peter KropotkinGeorges Sorel
Bernard BosanquetPavel Borisovich AxelrodVladimir Soloviev
V.I. LeninJohan HuizingaNicholas BerdyaevGiovanni Gentile
Benito MussoliniJosé Ortega y Gasset



American Political Thought

Thomas JeffersonAlexander HamiltonRalph Waldo Emerson
Henry David ThoreauWalt WhitmanHenry GeorgeWoodow Wilson
Louis D. BrandeisThorstein VeblenJohn Dewey
James Hayden TuftsBenjamin N. Cardozo



 Famous Political Documents in Western Culture

[Note that these documents are located in the Founders Corner Library of our parent site The Moral Liberal. Hit the back button to return to The Radical Academy or access us through The Moral Liberal's home page.]

The Magna Carta The Mayflower Compact
The Declaration of Independence The Articles of Confederation
Lincoln’s Gettysburg AddressThe Original 7 Articles of the U.S. Constitution
The Original 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution: The Bill of Rights
Amendments Since the Bill of Rights

Resource: A Guide to Reading the American State Papers