Defending the Judeo-Christian Ethic, Limited Government, & the American Constitution
Friday October 24th 2014

Self-Educated Man


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October 06, 2014


Federalist 62. Madison reminds us that the election of U.S. Senators by their respective state legislatures secured state rights or authority. In your opinion, how might a return to this vital constitutional principle become a key element in empowering a push back against federal intrusion into powers our heaven inspired Constitution clearly retained as jurisdictionally belonging to state & local governments, to families & individuals, to private businesses, churches, & charities?


Classic Philosophers


CLASSIC PHILOSOPHERS


TABLE OF CONTENTS


 Ancient Philosophers

 The Philosophy of the early Greek Naturalists

I. THE IONIANS

General Notions
Thales
Anaximander
Anaximenes

II. THE PYTHAGOREANS

III. HERACLITUS

IV. THE ELEATIC SCHOOL

General Notions
Xenophanes
Parmenides
Zeno
Melissus

V. THE PLURALISTS

General Notions
Empedocles
Anaxagoras
The Atomists: Leucippus & Democritus

The Philosophy of the Sophists

I. Background Information

II. General Notions

III. Theory of Knowledge

IV. Ethics and Right

The Philosophy of Socrates

Introduction

General Notions

Life of Socrates

The Doctrine of Socrates: Concepts

The Doctrine of Socrates: Ethics

Minor Socratic Schools

The Philosophy of Plato

I.  Life and Works

II. Doctrine: General Ideas

III. Theory of Knowledge

IV.     Metaphysics

V.       Cosmology

VI.      Psychology

VII.    Ethics

VIII. Politics

IX.     Art

X.       Religion

XI.     Insufficiencies of Plato’s System

XII.   The Academy

 

The Philosophy of Aristotle

The Life of Aristotle

The Works of Aristotle

Introduction to Aristotle’s Doctrine

Theory of Knowledge (Epistemology)

General Metaphysics

Cosmology

Psychology

Ethics

Politics

Religion and Art

Deficiencies of Aristotle’s System

Aristotelianism

 

 

The Philosophy of the Stoics

General Notions

Theory of Knowledge

Physics (Metaphysics)

Ethics

The Philosophy of the Epicureans

General Observations

Theory of Knowledge

Physics (Metaphysics)

Ethics

 The Philosophy of Plotinius

Life

General Notions

Theory of Knowledge

Metaphysics

Ethics

 

MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS

The Philosophy of St. Augustine
The Philosophy of St. Bonaventure
The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas
The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus
Elsewhere in The Academy

The System of Thomas Aquinas
One of the leaders of the neo-Thomistic revival, Maurice de Wulf, gives a concise exposition of the central doctrines of the philosophical system formulated by Thomas Aquinas.

The Philosophers of the Renaissance: Transition to Modern Philosophy

The Philosophy of Nicholas of Cusa
The Philosophy of Bernardino Telesio
The Philosophy of Giordano Bruno
The Philosophy of Tommaso Campanella
The New View of Politics and Physics: Machiavelli and Galileo
MODERN PHILOSOPHERS

The Philosophy of René Descartes
The Philosophy of Benedict Spinoza
The Philosophy of Nicolas de Malebranche
The Philosophy of G.W. von Leibnitz
The Philosophy of Francis Bacon
The Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes
The Philosophy of John Locke
The Philosophy of George Berkeley
The Philosophy of David Hume
The Philosophy of Jean Jacques Rousseau
The Philosophy of Immanuel Kant
The Philosophy of J.G. Fichte
The Philosophy of von Schelling & Schleiermacher
The Philosophy of Georg Hegel
The Philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer
The Philosophy of Rudolph Hermann Lotze
The Philosophy of Antonio Rosmini-Serbati & Vincenzo Gioberti
The Philosophy of the Positivists: Comte, Mill, Spencer, Feuerbach, Marx, Engels
The Philosophy of Karl Marx
RECENT PHILOSOPHERS

The Philosophy of William James
The Philosophy of John Dewey
The Philosophy of the Existentialists
The Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead
The Philosophy of Neo-Thomism: Etienne Gilson and Jacques Maritain
OVERVIEW OF PHILOSOPHERS

The Perfecting of Philosophy in Medieval Times
An Overview of 17th Century Philosophy
An Overview of 18th & 19th Century Philosophy