Defending the Judeo-Christian Ethic, Limited Government, & the American Constitution
Tuesday July 29th 2014

Timeline of Philosophy


The following timeline was created and designed by Dr. Jonathan Dolhenty to help students get a comprehensive picture of the history of philosophy and, in the case of ancient and medieval philosophy, its relationship to other major events occurring during the same time period.


ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY
650 B.C.E. THE IONIANSThales (624-546)
Anaximander (611-547)
Anaximenes (599-524)
The Period of Naturalism The Beginning of Western Philosophy in Ancient Greece
600 B.C.E. Heraclitus of Ephesus (540-460)Pythagoras (570-?)
550 B.C.E. THE ELEATIC SCHOOLXenophanes of Colophon
Parmenides of Elea (540-?)
Zeno of Elea
The Golden Age of Greece (480-399)The Persian WarsThe Peloponnesian War 
500 B.C.E. THE PLURALISTSEmpedocles (490-430)
Anaxagoras (500-428)
450 B.C.E. THE ATOMISTSDemocritus (460-370)
Leucippus
400 B.C.E. THE SOPHISTSProtagoras
Gorgias
The Metaphysical Period
350 B.C.E. Socrates (470-399)Plato (428-347)Aristotle (384-322)  The Decline and Fall of Greek Freedom (399-322)The Hellenistic Dispersion (322-146)
STOICISM
Zeno (336-264)EPICUREANISM
Epicurus (342-270)SKEPTICISM
Pyrrho of Elis (365-275)ECLECTICISM
Antiochus

 

The Ethical Period
250 B.C.E. GREEK SCIENCEEuclid (c. 300)
Archimedes (287-212)
Apollonius (260-200)
Ptolemy
50 B.C.E. THE JUDAIC-
ALEXANDRIAN SCHOOL
Philo of Alexandria
(30 BCE – 50 CE)
The Religious Period Greece and Macedonia Become a Province of Rome (146)The Roman Empire
(146 BCE – 192 CE)
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (193-305)The Triumph of Christianity (306-325)

 

THE NEO-
PYTHAGOREAN SCHOOL
Apollonius of Tiana
50 C.E.to900 C.E.  THE NEO-PLATONIC
SCHOOL
Ammonius Saccas of Alexandria (176-242)
Plotinus (205-270)
St. Augustine (354-430)
John Scotus Erigena
(815-877)
The Period of Scholastic Philosophy The Dark Ages (566-1095)
1000 C.E.to1399 C.E.  THE MYSTICSSt. Peter Damian
(1007-1072)St. Bernard of Clairvaux
(1091-1153) 
THE DIALECTICIANSSt. Anselm (1033-1109)Peter Abelard (1079-1142)John of Salisbury (1110-1182)

 

The Middle Ages
Albertus Magnus (1193-1280)Roger Bacon (1214-1294)St. Bonaventure (1221-1274)St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

John Duns Scotus (1265-1308)

William of Ockham (?-1349)

 

1400 C.E.to1600 C.E.  Master Eckhart (1260-1327) Beginning of Modern Humanism The Renaissance (1304-1576)The Reformation (1517-1564)
HUMANISMNicholas of Cusa (1401-1464)Bernardio Telesio (1509-1588)Giorano Bruno (1548-1600)

Tommaso Campanella
(1568-1639)

 

Niccolo Machiavelli
(1469-1527)

 


MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY
1600 C.E. to the Present Day Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
EMPIRICISMFrancis Bacon (1561-1626)
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
John Locke (1632-1704)
Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
George Berkeley (1685-1753)
David Hume (1711-1776)
RATIONALISMRene Descartes (1596-1650)
Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677)
Nicholas de Malebranche (1538-1715)
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)
Gottfried W. von Leibnitz (1646-1716)

 

THE ENLIGHTENMENTBaron de Montesquieu
(1689-1775)
Jean Jacques Rousseau
(1712-1778)
Voltaire (1694-1778)
KANTIAN CRITICISMImmanuel Kant (1724-1804) IDEALISMJohann Fichte (1762-1814)
Friedrich W. von Schelling
(1775-1854)
Friedrich Schleiermacher
(1768-1834)
Georg Hegel (1779-1831)
Johann Herbart (1776-1841)
Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788-1860)
Rudolph Herman Lotze
(1817-1881)
Gustav Theodor Fechner
(1801-1887)
POSITIVISMFRENCH
August Comte (1798-1857)GERMAN
Ludwig Fauerbach (1804-1872)
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) 
UTILITARIANISMJeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
James Mill (1773-1836)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) CRITICAL IDEALISMWilhelm Windelband (1848-1915)
Henrich Richert (1863-1936)
Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1912)
Rudolph Eucken (1846-1926)
GERMAN PSYCHOLOGISMWilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
AMERICAN IDEALISMJosiah Royce (1855-1916)
Bordon Parker Bowne
(1847-1910)
THE NEW IDEALISMThomas Hill Green (1836-1882)
Francis Herbert Bradley
(1846-1924)
Bernard Bosanquet (1848-1923)
Benedetto Croce (1866-1952)
Giovanni Gentile (1875-1944)
PRAGMATICISMCharles Sander Peirce
(1839-1914)
EVOLUTIONISMCharles Darwin (1809-1882)
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)
PRAGMATISMWilliam James (1842-1910)
John Dewey (1859-1952)
PSYCHOANALYSISSigmund Freud (1856-1939) NEO-POSITIVISMMoritz Schlick (1882-1936)
Ernst Mach (1838-1016)
Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
(1889-1951)
John Wisdom (1904-1993)
Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000)
Max Black (1909-1988)
Alfred J. Ayer (1910-1989)
EXISTENTIALISMSoren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
Karl Barth (1886-1968)
Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
Karl Jaspers (1883-1969)
Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973)
Jean Paul Sartre (1906-1980)
INTUITIONISMHenri Bergson (1859-1941)PHENOMENOLOGYEdmund Husserl (1859-1938)
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) 
NEO-REALISMFranz Bretano (1838-1917)
Alexius Meinong (1853-1920)
Edmund Husserl (1859-1938)
S. Alexander (1859-1938)
Alfred North Whitehead
(1861-1947)
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)
George Santayana (1863-1952)
G.E. Moore (1873-1958)
THE FRANKFURT SCHOOLHerbert Marcuse (1898-1979)
Theodor Adorno (1903-1969)
Erich Fromm (1900-1980)
Jurgen Habermas (1929- )CRITICAL RATIONALISMKarl Popper (1902-1994) 

 

PHILOSOPHICAL HERMENEUTICSHans-Georg
Gadamer (1900- )NEO-PRAGMATISMRichard Rorty (1931- )

 

 

CULTURAL THEORY, STRUCTURALISM, POSTMODERNISM, & DECONSTRUCTIONISM
OBJECTIVISMAyn Rand (1905-1982)
Nathaniel Branden (1930- )
Gyorgy Lukacs (1885-1971)
Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937)
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913)
Claude Levi-Strauss (1908- )
Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
Jacques Derrida (1930- )
THE REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL REALISMJacques Maritain (1882-1973)
Mortimer Adler (1902-2001)
John Wild (1902-1972)
Jonathan Dolhenty (1938- )

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