Defending the Judeo-Christian Heritage, limited government, and the American Constitution
Friday February 12th 2016

‘Founders Corner’

Constitutional Convention: May 14, 25, 1787

Constitutional Convention: May 14, 25, 1787

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS James Madison's Notes: Federal Convention of 1787 May 14, 25, 1787 Monday May 14th 1787 was the day fixed for the meeting of the deputies in Convention for revising the federal system of Government. On that day a small number only had assembled. Seven States were not convened [...]

James Madison: Federal Powers Limited, State Powers Indefinite

James Madison: Federal Powers Limited, State Powers Indefinite

FOUNDERS CORNER: LIMITED GOVERNMENT AND FEDERALISM The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with [...]

Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!

Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!

FOUNDERS CORNER: SPEECHES, PATRICK HENRY St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia, March 23, 1775 No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be [...]

Edmund Burke: Social Versus Individual Liberty

Edmund Burke: Social Versus Individual Liberty

FOUNDERS CORNER, EDMUND BURKE November 1789 In a letter writte to Frenchman François Depont in November of 1789, 4 months after the outbreak of the French Revolution, British Statesman and defender of the American Revolution, Edmund Burke, draws a distinction between the individualist (or unfettered) theory of liberty versus social liberty [...]

Origin and Title to the Territories of the Colonies

Origin and Title to the Territories of the Colonies

Commentaries On The Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, LL.D. Book I, Chapter 1 § 1. THE discovery of the Continent of America by Columbus in the fifteenth century awakened the attention of all the maritime States of Europe. Stimulated by the love of glory, and still more by the hope of gain and dominion, many of them [...]

Federalist Papers No. 85: Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 85: Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY, MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, August 13, Saturday, August 16, 1788 Brief Summary of Arguments For and Against the Proposed Constitution with a focus on whether it is best to propose Amendments Before or After Ratification. ACCORDING to the formal division of the subject of these papers, announced in my first [...]

Federalist Papers No. 84, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 84, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER: MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, July 16, Saturday, July 26, Saturday, August 9, 1788 Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered to including a fascinating discussion on a proposed Bill of Rights. IN THE course of the foregoing review of the Constitution, I have taken notice of, [...]

MA Convention, 19 Jan. 1788, Powers of the Senate discussed

MA Convention, 19 Jan. 1788, Powers of the Senate discussed

The Debates In The Several State Conventions On The Adoption Of The Federal Constitution, by Jonathan Elliot In Convention at Boston, Massachusetts, Jan. 19, 1788 The fate of the proposed constitution was decided in the state ratifying conventions (nine states had to ratify for the Constitution to take effect), but it was the subject of [...]

Federalist Papers. No. 83, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers. No. 83, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Saturday, July 5, Wednesday, July 9, Saturday July 12, 1788 Judiciary in relation to trial by jury, interpreting written law of Constitutions as to enumerated rights v. non-enumerated, implied v. clearly stated, etc. THE objection to the plan of the convention, which has met with most success [...]

Federalist Papers No. 82, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 82, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, July 2, 1788 The Judiciary Continued THE erection of a new government, whatever care or wisdom may distinguish the work, cannot fail to originate questions of intricacy and nicety; and these may, in a particular manner, be expected to flow from the establishment of a constitution [...]

The Federalist Papers No. 81: Alexander Hamilton

The Federalist Papers No. 81: Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, June 25, and Saturday, June 28, 1788 Judiciary Continued and the Distribution of the Judicial Authority LET US now return to the partition of the judiciary authority between different courts, and their relations to each other. "The judicial power of the United States is" (by the [...]

John Adams: There’s a Divinity that Shapes Our Ends

John Adams: There’s a Divinity that Shapes Our Ends

LIBERTY LETTERS, 1776 Daniel Webster records that in 1776, while some men vacillated as to Independence, John Adams, the "Voice of the Declaration," arose and stirred the hearts of his countrymen with these immortal words: Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish, I give my hand and my heart to this vote. It is true, indeed, that in the [...]

Federalist Papers No. 80, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 80, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Saturday, June 21, 1788 Judicial Powers and Jurisdiction TO JUDGE with accuracy of the proper extent of the federal judicature, it will be necessary to consider, in the first place, what are its proper objects. It seems scarcely to admit of controversy, that the judicary authority of the [...]

Federalist Papers No. 79, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 79, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS The Judiciary Continued NEXT to permanency in office, nothing can contribute more to the independence of the judges than a fixed provision for their support. The remark made in relation to the President is equally applicable here. In the general course of human nature, a power over a man's subsistence [...]

Federalist Papers, No. 3, John Jay

Federalist Papers, No. 3, John Jay

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS November 3, 1787 Plea for Union Continued IT IS not a new observation that the people of any country (if, like the Americans, intelligent and well-informed) seldom adopt and steadily persevere for many years in an erroneous opinion respecting their interests. That consideration naturally tends to create [...]

Federalist Papers, No. 2, John Jay

Federalist Papers, No. 2, John Jay

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, October 31, 1787 Plea for Union WHEN the people of America reflect that they are now called upon to decide a question, which, in its consequences, must prove one of the most important that ever engaged their attention, the propriety of their taking a very comprehensive, as well as a very [...]

Federalist Papers, No. 1: Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers, No. 1: Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Saturday, October 27, 1787 General Introduction AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficacy of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences [...]

Blackstone: Of the People, Whether Aliens, Denizens, or Natives

Blackstone: Of the People, Whether Aliens, Denizens, or Natives

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY, MAJOR WORKS Commentaries on the Laws of England (Vol. 1 of 4), Book 1, Chapter 10 1765-1769 HAVING, in the eight preceding chapters, treated of persons as they stand in the public relations of magistrates, I now proceed to consider such persons as fall under the denomination of the people. And herein all the inferior [...]

Federalist Papers No. 78, Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Papers No. 78, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER: MAJOR WORKS June 14, 1788 The Judiciary Department WE PROCEED now to an examination of the judiciary department of the proposed government. In unfolding the defects of the existing Confederation, the utility and necessity of a federal judicature have been clearly pointed out. It is the less necessary to recapitulate the [...]

Blackstone: Of Subordinate Magistrates

Blackstone: Of Subordinate Magistrates

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY, MAJOR WORKS Commentaries on the Laws of England (Vol. 1 of 4), Book 1, Chapter 9 1765-1769 IN a former chapter of these commentaries1 we distinguished magistrates into two kinds; supreme, or those in whom the sovereign power of the state resides; and subordinate, or those who act in an inferior secondary [...]

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